Teachers’ Self-Efficacy, Psychological Well-being and Apprehensions during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Belize


  • Janeen Quiroz University of Belize
  • Ms. Olga Manzanero University of Belize
  • Dr. Mathias R. Vairez Jr. University of Belize https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3634-8223
  • Dr. Frank C. Gomez Jr. Maria Regina School
  • Miss Rashela A. D. Elliott University of Belize


COVID-19, Pandemic, Teachers' Self-efficacy, Well-being, Apprehensions, Belize


This study investigated teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs regarding remote teaching, psychological well-being, and apprehensions during the COVID-19 pandemic in Belize. It also identified factors related to teachers’ self-efficacy to facilitate remote teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic in Belize. A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional survey and correlational research designs were applied using an online survey that included items on the Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001), psychological well-being, apprehensions, and demographics. Data were collected from 311 teachers and analyzed using IBM SPSS 23 statistical software. The results indicated that teachers had a medium level of self-efficacy, decreased mental health, and heightened apprehensions. Further analysis revealed that teachers’ self-efficacy was negatively related to their psychological well-being and apprehensions. However, their psychological well-being was positively related to their apprehensions. These findings support continuous professional development programs that address teachers’ self-efficacy, psychological well-being, and apprehensions to equip teachers to better support student achievement.


Author Biographies

Ms. Olga Manzanero, University of Belize

Olga Manzanero, University of Belize


Faculty of Education and Arts


Dr. Mathias R. Vairez Jr., University of Belize

Mathias R. Vairez Jr., University of Belize

Assistant Professor

University of Belize

Faculty of Education and Arts


Dr. Frank C. Gomez Jr., Maria Regina School

Frank C. Gomez Jr. Maria Regina School

Vice Principal/Jr. High Educator


Miss Rashela A. D. Elliott, University of Belize

Rashela Elliott

High School English Teacher

San Pedro High School

University of Belize







Education and Humanities